||Than Lwin Bridge, Mawlamyine
the capital of Mon State, is located at the banks
of Thanlwin River and surely an ideal place for a
journey back into colonial times. Explore the
charming, green city surrounded by the river to
the west and to the east by a canopy of
shimmering pagodas by trishaw, drive past the
where women too are allowed to enter the
main Buddha chamber (!), the
Kipling's favourite, from where you have terrific
views over the city, and don't forget a visit to
the three mosques built during British rule - the
visible from far away because of it's bright
turqoise-coloured facade, the
with its plain Moorish arches, and the
which looked like a birthday cake until several years
ago, but has been renovated now and the facade covered
with white tiles to give this place a more 'decent' look,
and, last but not least the
also known as 'Judson Church', because it was
founded by the American missionary Adoniram Judson, it is
Myanmar's first Baptist church!
well known as the 'Shampoo Island', as the water
from the island was used for the yearly Royal Hairwashing
Ceremony during the Ava Period.
| The famous legendary Pagoda on the
Golden Rock about 160 Km from Yangon and 11 km of hiking from the
base camp at Kyaikhto. This pagoda is situated on a rocky mountain
3615 ft above sea level. The Kyaikhtiyo pagoda is one of the most
ancient and celebrated of all pagodas in Myanmar. It is situated in
the vicinity of Kyaikhto township, Thaton district. The pagoda is
said to have been built during the life-time of the Buddha over 2400
Before, it was a rare place which was
very hard to reach. Nowadays, there are many more convenient
transportations and Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda can be accessible easily. There
are also convenient accommodations for visitors.
Kyaikhtiyo,The golden rock
In the early centuries of the Christian era the Mons were settled in
the region between the Sittaung and Salween (Thanlwin) rivers which
was known as the Mon kingdom of Ramanyadesa. Thaton, the seat of this
kingdom was also known as Suvannabhumi or the Golden Land, which also
applies to the whole region of continental south-east Asia around the
Bay of Bengal. Doubtless Thaton was flourishing port in ancient and
there was constant intercourse between Southern India and the region
around Thaton and Pegu (Bago). The old city of Thaton appears to have
built on a quadrangular plan like the more modern cities of Amarapura
and Mandalay. There are two ramparts in a rectangular shape and the
moat lies between the two walls, which are faced with laterite stones.
As the present town is developed within the old city the remains of
the inner city are no more visible. The chief pagodas are situated
between the palace site and the south wall.
The Shwezayan pagoda is said to have been built in the 5th century B.C.
It has been built over and has now assumed a modern shape with a
circular base and a bell-shaped superstructure. Within the precincts
of the Shwezayan pagoda were found seven inscribed stones, five in
early Mon of 11th century, one medieval and the seventh illegible.
Among the stone sculptures collected in the same building is a figure
of standing Buddha depicted in relief on a sandstone slab.
KYAIKHTEE SAUNG PAGODA (AN ANCIENT LATERITE STONE PAGODA)
Is one of the earliest hair relic pagodas in Mon State. Kyaikhtee
Saung Pagoda is located on the Laterite Stone hillock. The hillock
itself is formed by laying the laterite stones on top of one another
forming a big square gradually grind up keeping the form but reducing
the size of square intact until it reaches the top platform. At 1971
the monk U Pyinnyadipa (Now, he is the abbot of the monastery and
famous as Kyaikhtee Saung Sayadaw) has arrived back his native village
Zoke Thoke. He himself found the old pagoda under the huge bushes. He
organized his disciples and villagers to clear the bushes. Then he
rebuilt and renovated the old pagoda and old laterite hillock. Now,
the Kyaikhtee Saung Golden Pagoda has appeared surrounded by the new
buildings for the religious purposes.
MUDON KYAIKKAMI YELE PAGODA
Mudon, 29 km south of Mawlamyine, is
well known for cotton weaving. The mountains to the east are a source
of jungle food-deer, snake and other wild forest species for
restaurants in Mudon itself. Just north of Mudon is Ayin Dam, a water
storage and flood control facility that's also used to irrigate local
rubber plantations. Kangdawgyi Lake is a tip-top picnic spot for
locals. At the northern end of the lake stands, Kangdawgyi Pagoda
named after the lake.
Reclining Buddha Image
The world's largest reclining Buddha Image is under construction at
Win Sein Taw Ya Forest, situated 29 km south of Mawlamyine. The Buddha
Image is named as Zinathuka Yan Aung Chantha, which has a length of
400 feet (= 180 m) and a height of 110 feet (nearly 34 m). Inside the
image are 182 rooms on 8 stories. Near to the Buddha Image are 200
standing monks collecting alms.
Reclining Buddha at Mudon
Located 9 kms northeast of Thanbyuzayat, Kyaikkami was a small coastal
resort and missionary center known as Amherst during the British era.
The main focus of Kyaikkami is Yele Paya, a metal-roofed Buddhist
shrine complex perched over the sea and reached via a long two-level
causeway; the tower level is submerged during high tide. Along with 11
Buddha hair relics, the shrine chamber beneath Yele Paya reportedly
contains a Buddha image that supposedly floated here on a raft from
Sri Lanka in ancient times. Other attractions here are the colonial
administrative buildings that are nearly 100 years old.
Located 24 km south east of Mawlamyine. The main Buddha image sits in
the position of the legs hanging down as if sitting on a chair. It is
accessible via a sealed road. Many Muslim and Hindu communities live
along the picturesque road. Kyaikmaraw Pagoda was the temple built by
Queen Shin Saw Pu in 1455 in the late Mon regional style. The temple
is famous for the Buddha which is sitting in the "western manner."
The temple is also well known for its hundreds of beautiful glazed
Thanbyuzayat - or “tin shelter” is
30 km south of Mawlamyine. It was the western terminus of the infamous
Burma-Siam Railway, dubbed the ”death railway” by the thousands of
Allied prisoners of war (and Asians who were forced by the Japanese
military to build it. A kilometer west of the clock tower in the
direction of Kyaikkami lies the Thanbyuzayat War Cemetery, which
contains 3,771 graves of Allied prisoners of war who died building the
Most of those buried were British, but there are also markers for
American, Dutch, and Australian soldiers. Other places that record the
historic events at this town are Japanese-built temples and a small
museum with a locomotive, which marks the beginning of the "death
railway." Two miles outside the town is the ancient city of
Waguru (13th century). The walls are still plainly visible and the
view from the hilltop is wonderful.
Lies 24 km south of Kyaikkami
and 16 km south west of Thanbyuzayut. It is a very wide, brown-sand
beach that tends toward tidal flats when the shallow surf-line recedes
at low tide. The beach is lined by waving casuarinas trees. Vendors
sell fresh young coconuts full of juice, and restaurants serve seafood.
It is one of the noted beaches in Myanmar.
A visit to one of the little home industries producing
pipes for smoking should not be missed and maybe you meet
a fisherman who can dive for a long, long time under
water - it is said that they have fins...You will arrive
at the south of the island at Ywa Lut and cross the
island by pick-up truck, departing at the north of the
island in Chaungsone. Unfortunately there's not enough
time to see all the 100 villages on that island!
located at the river bank of the Ataran River, this small
town is easily reached because of its quite good road
condtion - the roads are sealed! Flanked by toddy palms
and rubber plantations, the road passes through eight
villages before ending in Kyaikmayaw. Stroll around the
charming town with its simple Myanma wooden houses, some
covered with palm leaves, others with metal. It's also
really worth your time to visit the
built by Queen Banyahtaw
Khayone Cave at Kyaikmayaw
Yangon - Yangon excursions - Bagan - Bagan excursions - Mandalay - Mandalay excursions - Kayin State - Rakhine State - Shan State
1999 Myriam Grest Thein